Crops & Soils – Corn, Soybeans, Forages, Grazing

Crops & Soils Program- Division of Extension

Crops and Soils Program
The Extension Crops and Soils Program provides timely resources and information to help Wisconsin grain and forage producers and their agricultural consultants manage crops efficiently and profitably.

Corn, Soybeans and Other Field Crops

Corn Agronomy
Our mission is to generate, integrate and apply science-based knowledge of crops grown for food, feed, fiber, and fuel.

Crops and Soils
Provides specific information regarding: Economics, Budgets & Financial – Emerging Specialty Crops – Forage Production & Management, Grain Production & Management

Crop Budget Cost of Production Calculator for Wisconsin
Extensions Crop Budget Calculator can be used to help estimate cost of production. 

Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa
Information Provided by Iowa State University Outreach and Extension

Corn Silage Pricing
Extension St. Croix provides you with a Corn Silage Pricing Excel Spreadsheet as well as an option to access a free Android or Smart phone Corn Silage App that will help you determine fair prices when buying or selling corn silage.

Pricing Forage in the Field – PDF (4 pages)
Information provided by Iowa State University Outreach and Extension.

Farmer to Farmer – Hay, Forage and Corn List 
Farmer to Farmer provides a way for Wisconsin farmers to be in touch with one another for the purpose of buying and/or selling corn and forage.

Grazing

Pasture Walk – Voisin’s Four Laws of Grazing & No Till Drill & Sprayer for Rental USE

PASTURE WALK

2021 Great River Grazing – PASTURE WALK SCHEDULE   2 page PDF

Crawford County is well suited to grazing. Our topography lends itself to smaller farms.  Much of the land is steep and not suited to row crops and its farms are typically on the smaller side, about 100-300 acres. many of these farms offer a good mix of cropland plus woods. Land prices in Crawford County average about $3500 an acre.
The land is highly productive and the county offers lots of amenities, such as other graziers, milk processing plants nearby, good roads, and relatively close shopping in communities such as Prairie du Chien, Lacrosse and Madison.  We still are extremely rural and that’s important to some people. Don Boland, a dairyman near Seneca stated, “Our hills and valleys provide great pasture in the summer, protection from cold winter winds.”
Vance Haugen, Retired, Crawford County Agriculture Agent

Are you a Grazing Specialist, Land Manager, or Grazing Educator?

This 2015 Grazing Educator Webinar Series may be for you!
Many topics to choose from: Teaching the Basics of Grazing, Grass Based Financials, Adaptive High Stock Density Grazing and more.

Articles, Resources, Etc.

Gearing Up For Grazing by Vance Haugen (PDF 19 slides, 3.48MB)
The Pasture walk method 2012 (PDF 1 page)
Midwest Perennial Forage Working Group – Perennial Forage Resources
Pastures for Profit: A guide to rotational grazing 

*Graziers investigate ‘case of uncomfortable cows’
  • Dairy Star 7/11/2011 3:19:00 PM article by Ron Johnson
    Peralta hosts Great River Graziers pasture walk, seeks answers to reluctant cows
  • STEUBEN, Wis. – Call it “The Case of the Uncomfortable Cows.”  This mini mystery involving some of Wandy Peralta’s cows was investigated during a recent pasture walk in Crawford County, Wis. Read more….

If you have any questions regarding Agriculture in Crawford County call 608-326-0223

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Voisin’s Four Laws of Rational Grazing

“Grass Productivity: An Introduction to Rational Grazing”
by author André Voisin

Voisin developed four universal laws of “rational grazing” from his studies as a biochemist and from the many years of watching his cattle graze and putting his methodology into practice. He believed these laws “…must govern all rational grazing regardless of soil conditions, climate, altitude, latitude or longitude (page 193).” His four laws are based on requirements; the first two are focused on the grass and the last two, the cow.

[Please note, reference information for each law is presented as author’s name and page number; example (Voisin 194)]

First Law –   [Rest period Ave. 32 Days Crawford County – GRG]

Before a sward, sheared with the animal’s teeth, can achieve its maximum productivity, sufficient interval must have elapsed between two successive shearings to allow the grass:

  1. to accumulate in its roots the reserves necessary for a vigorous spurt of regrowth;
  2. To produce its “blaze of growth” (or high daily yield per acre) (Voisin 194)

Second Law –   [Don’t Graze the regrowth – GRG]

The total occupation period on one paddock should be sufficiently short for a grass sheared on the first day (or at the beginning) of occupation not to be cut again by the teeth of these animals before they leave the paddock (Voisin 196).

Third Law –   [Dairy (milk cows, calves, heifer), Beef (heifer, stockers, cows) – GRG]

The animals with the greatest nutritional requirements must be helped to harvest the greatest quantity of grass of the best possible quality (Voisin 198).

Fourth Law –   [Move your livestock every 12-24 hours – GRG]

If a cow is to give regular milk yields she must not stay any longer than three days on the same paddock. Yields will be at their maximum if the cow stays on one paddock for only one day (Voisin 199).

Voisin, André. Grass Productivity: An Introduction to Rational Grazing. Originally published 1959 as Productivité de l’Herbe. This edition ©2014 Midwest Journal Press. http://ruralsuburbanliving.worstell farms.com/p/books.html

GRG – Great River Graziers

These “Laws of Rational Grazing” are provided to you by: Great River Graziers of Crawford County Crawford County UW-Extension, 608-326-0223

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No Till Drill & Sprayer for Rental Use

No Till Drill The No Till Drill can be rented for a $25 set up fee and a $5 per acre charge. The drill can be used to plant prairie seed. To rent the drill, contract Mike Boland at 608-734-3958.
No Till Rental Agreement

 

 

The Sprayer can be rented for $50 per day through the Crawford County Land Conservation Office. Details and rental agreement is available on their website.
You can reach them by phone at  608-326-0270.

If you have questions regarding Agriculture in Crawford County, call 608-326-0223.

Hay Prices, Rate and Yield Guides

Hay Market Demand and Price Report for the Upper Midwest  (Select date twice- documents in PDF format)

Market Hay & Haylage Price Per Ton at Various Moistures (PDF 4 pages)
Provided by Sheboygan County UW-Extension Agronomy and Forage

Weekly Hay Market Report
Provided through Extension UW-Wisconsin Team Forage
Forage News and Seeding Rate Calculator available

Farmer to Farmer – Hay, Forage and Corn List
Farmer to Farmer provides a way for Wisconsin farmers to be in touch with one another for the purpose of buying and/or selling corn and forage.

Fort Atkinson Hay Auction IA
Up-to-date information on auction prices.

Updated Custom Rate Guide – WI 2020
Looking for what farmers pay on average for custom work?

Calculating Grain Yield Utilizing a Corn Silage Forage Test (Corn Yield Guide)
Provided by Extension Wood County

Machinery Cost Estimates –
* Iowa State University of Extension
* University of Illinois
* University of Minnesota  (PDF 8 pages)

Soil Testing for Farmers

All your needs are met through the University of Wisconsin Soil and Forage Lab –
Soil and Forage Lab-Home page 
Proper Sampling